A cookie, also known as an HTTP cookie, web cookie, or browser cookie, is usually a small piece of data sent from a website and stored in a user's web browser while a user is browsing a website. When the user browses the same website in the future, the data stored in the cookie can be retrieved by the website to notify the website of the user's previous activity. Cookies were designed to be a reliable mechanism for websites to remember the state of the website or activity the user had taken in the past. This can include clicking particular buttons, logging in, or a record of which pages were visited by the user even months or years ago.
Although cookies cannot carry viruses, and cannot install malware on the host computer, tracking cookies and especially third-party tracking cookies are commonly used as ways to compile long-term records of individuals' browsing histories — a major privacy concern that prompted European and US law makers to take action in 2011.
Types of cookies
A user's session cookie (also known as an in-memory cookie or transient cookie) for a website exists in temporary memory only while the user is reading and navigating the website. When an expiry date or validity interval is not set at cookie creation time, a session cookie is created. Web browsers normally delete session cookies when the user closes the browser.
A persistent cookie will outlast user sessions. If a persistent cookie has its Max-Age set to 1 year, then, within the year, the initial value set in that cookie would be sent back to the server every time the user visited the server. This could be used to record a vital piece of information such as how the user initially came to this website. For this reason persistent cookies are also called tracking cookies.
A secure cookie has the secure attribute enabled and is only used via HTTPS, ensuring that the cookie is always encrypted when transmitting from client to server. This makes the cookie less likely to be exposed to cookie theft via eavesdropping.
First-party cookies are cookies set with the same domain (or its subdomain) as your browser's address bar. Third-party cookies are cookies set with domains different from the one shown on the address bar. The web pages on the first domain may feature content from a third-party domain, e.g. a banner advert run by www.advexample.com. Privacy setting options in most modern browsers allow you to block third-party tracking cookies.
As an example, suppose a user visits www.example1.com, which includes an advert which sets a cookie with the domain ad.foxytracking.com. When the user later visits www.example2.com, another advert can set another cookie with the domain ad.foxytracking.com. Eventually, both of these cookies will be sent to the advertiser when loading their ads or visiting their website. The advertiser can then use these cookies to build up a browsing history of the user across all the websites this advertiser has footprints on.
Above information is taken from Wikipeadia and can be viewed here.
Cookies We Use
Software we use to maintain the site may place cookies on your computer but these will expire at the end of your session. This includes our CMS and payment partners - Google Wallet and Paypal. The latter are used in order to keep a running track on any items you wish to purchase of use and store it in your "cart". These expire at the end of the session and there is no further action for you to take. Other cookies detailed to the left may be placed on your system by our CMS that last longer than your session, but again no action needs to be taken by yourself. Although cookies cannot be harmful, we respect your privacy and online safety and would never put your data, details or computer at risk.
What to Do Now
As explained above there is no action you need to take immediately, unless you do not agree to the placing of cookies. If you do not agree then you can either leave the site or amend your system settings to block cookies. Doing so may prevent the site from operating smoothly. If you accept cookies please simply continue to browse the site. If you have any questions relating to cookies on your own site that we may be building for you please contact us.